Socio-economic impact


The UN’s Framework for the Immediate Socio-Economic Response to the COVID 19 Crisis warns that “The COVID-19 pandemic is far more than a health crisis: it is affecting societies and econ­omies at their core. While the impact of the pandemic will vary from country to country, it will most likely increase poverty and inequalities at a global scale, making achievement of SDGs even more urgent.

Assessing the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on societies, economies and vulnerable groups is fundamental to inform and tailor the responses of governments and partners to recover from the crisis and ensure that no one is left behind in this effort.

Without urgent socio-eco­nomic responses, global suffering will escalate, jeopardizing lives and livelihoods for years to come. Immediate development responses in this crisis must be undertaken with an eye to the future. Development trajectories in the long-term will be affected by the choices coun­tries make now and the support they receive.”

The United Nations has mobilized the full capacity of the UN system through its 131 country teams serving 162 countries and territories, to support national authorities in developing public health preparedness and response plans to the COVID-19 crisis.

Over the next 12 to 18 months, the socio-economic response will be one of one of three critical components of the UN’s COVID-19 response, alongside the health response, led by WHO, and the Global Humanitarian Response Plan.

As the technical lead for the socio-economic response, UNDP and its country offices worldwide are working under the leadership of the UN Resident Coordinators, and in close collaboration with specialized UN agencies, UN Regional Economic Commissions and IFIs, to assess the socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on economies and communities. The assessment reports available on this site contain the preliminary findings of regional and country analyses.


Massive production disruptions that started in China have led to a lower supply of goods and services that reduces overall hours worked, leading to lower incomes. Photo Credits: UNDP China


Briefs and Reports



Brief #2: Putting the UN Framework for Socio-Economic Response to COVID-19 into Action: Insights

Across the globe, the UN is supporting countries in preparing assessments of the socio-economic impacts of Covid-19. What are these assessments saying and what are the key socio-economic issues caused by the pandemic that the UN and its partners are seeing on the ground?

On behalf of the UN, UNDP prepares the monthly briefs Putting the UN Framework for Socio-Economic Response to Covid-19 Into Action exploring latest trends and providing key insights and analysis on the socio-economic impacts of Covid-19 on economies and societies.




Angola Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Angola (3.5 MB)
Burundi Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Burundi (FR) (737 kb)
Central African Republic Evaluation de l’impact socio-économique de la pandémie de coronavirus (Covid-19) en République Centrafricaine (FR) (784.0 kB)
Cameroon Effets socioéconomiques potentiels du COVID-19 au Cameroun (FR) (859.0 kB)
Comoros Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Comoros (45MB)
Côte d'Ivoire Evaluation de l’impact du COVID-19 sur l’activite des entreprises du secteur formel en Côte d'Ivoire (FR) (6.71Mb)
Evaluation de l’impact du COVID-19 sur le secteur informel en Côte d'Ivoire (FR) (6.7 MB)
Mesure de l’impact socio-économique du covid-19 sur les conditions de vie des ménages en Côte d’Ivoire (FR) (6.08Mb)
Equatorial Guinea Bilan Macroéconomique Rapide des effets du Covid-19 en Guinée Équatoriale (2.3 MB)
Eswatini Rapid Socio-economic Assessment of COVID-19 in Eswatini (8.7 MB)
Guinea Analyse Preliminaire Multisectorielle de l'impact Socio-économique du COVID-19 en Guinée (608kb)
Guinea-Bissau Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Guinea-Bissau (538 kB)
Guinea Analyse Preliminaire Multisectorielle de l'impact Socio-économique du COVID-19 en Guinée (608kb)
The Gambia
Policy Brief 1: Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in The Gambia (131.9 kB)
Policy Brief 2: Impact of COVID-19 on The Gambia's Tourism Sector (538.8 kB)
Briefing Note: COVID-19 Impact on Tourism in The Gambia (237.5 kB)
Kenya Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Kenya (604.3 kB)
Madagascar Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 in Madagascar (1.7 MB)
Note sur l'Impact du COVID-19 sur l'Economie de Madagascar (1.6 MB)
Mali Analyse rapide des impacts socio-économiques du COVID-19 au Mali (915k)
Mauritius & Seychelles
COVID-19 Government Response in Mauritius and Seychelles (141.7 kB)
Mozambique Unpacking the Potential Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Mozambique - UN in Mozambique (599.6 kB)
Nigeria Briefing Paper 1: Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Nigeria
Briefing Paper 2: Potential Impact of COVID-19 on Nigeria's North East Region
Sao Tome and Principe Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Sao Tome and Principe (2.13 MB)
Tanzania Socio-Economic Impact assessment in Tanzania (1.21 MB)
Policy brief on Socio-Economic Impact Assessment in Tanzania (628kb)
Uganda Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Uganda (3.3 MB)
Zimbabwe Preliminary Socio-Economic Impact Assessment on the COVID-19 Pandemic in Zimbabwe (713.4 kB)

Arab States

Jordan Jordan Enterprise Report
Lebanon Rapid assessment of the impact of COVID 19 on vulnerable workers and small scale enterprises in Lebanon
Sudan COVID-19 Socio-Economic Impact Assessment for Sudan
Tunisia Impact Economique du COVD-19 en Tunisie (FR) (5.3 MB)
Yemen Handloom and textile value chain

Asia Pacific

The Social and Economic Impact of COVID-19 in the Asia-Pacific Region
Addressing the COVID-19 Economic Crisis in Asia through Social Protection
Afghanistan Afghanistan COVID-19 impact: short term disruptions and policy considerations (462 kB)
China Assessment Report on Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Chinese Enterprises
Indonesia Impacts ofCOVID-19in Target 75 Fisheries (1.4 MB)
Maldives Addressing the Socio-Economic Impact of COVID-19 on the Maldives (795 kB)
Mongolia Rapid socio-economic impact assessment of COVID-19 prevention measures on vulnerable groups and value chains in Mongolia
Nepal Rapid Assessment of the Social and Economic Impacts of COVID-19 on the vulnerable groups in Nepal
Vietnam Rapid Assessment of the Socio-economic impact of COVID-19 on persons with disabilities in Viet Nam

Europe and Central Asia

Bosnia and Herzegovina Economic Impact Assessment of COVID-19 in BiH
Kosovo (as per UNSCR 1244)
Rapid Socio-Economic impact assessment of COVID-19 in Kosovo
Republic of North Macedonia
Turkey 1. Survey on Impact of COVID-19 on Enterprises and Needs (1.7 MB)
2. Survey on Impact of COVID-19 on Enterprises (968 kB)  
Uzbekistan Consolidated MultilateralCOVID-19 Socio-Economic Response & Recovery Offer

Latin America and the Caribbean

Introduction - Evidence, Experience, and Pertinence in Search for Effective Policy Alternatives
A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing the Economic Impact of COVID-19 and its Policy Implications
Suggestions for the Emergency

International financial cooperation in the face of Latin America's economic crisis
Covid-19 and social protection of poor and vulnerable groups in Latin America: a conceptual framework
Lecciones del COVID-19 para una agenda de sostenibilidad en América Latina y el Caribe (ES)
Latinoamérica y el Caribe: Riqueza Natural y Degradación Ambiental en siglo XXI (ES)
Argentina Social and Economic Impact of COVID-19 and Policy Options in Argentina
Barbados & the Eastern Caribbean Eastern Caribbean Human and Economic Impact Assessments
Colombia Coronavirus in Colombia: vulnerability and policy options
Costa Rica Evaluación económica inicial de los efectos de COVID-19 y alcance de las opciones de política en Costa Rica (ES)
Dominican Republic Situación económica y de mercado de las mipymes en República Dominicana por la crisis del COVID 19 (ES)
El Salvador COVID-19 and vulnerability: A multidimensional poverty perspective in El Salvador
Honduras Social and Economic Impact of the COVID-19 and Policy Options in Honduras
Jamaica Social and economic impact of the COVID-19 and policy options in Jamaica
Mexico Desafíos de desarrollo ante la COVID-19 en México. Panorama Socioeconómico (ES)
Panama Análisis socioeconómico del impacto del COVID-19 en Panamá (ES)
Análisis socioeconómico del impacto del COVID-19 en Panamá. Estudio complementario: escenarios económicos prospectivos y alcance de las opciones de política en Panamá (ES)
Impacto socioeconómico. Estudio complementario: COVID-19 y género en Panamá (ES)
Peru Covid-19 and external shock: Economic impacts and policy options in Peru
Uruguay Social and economic impact of COVID-19 and policy options in Uruguay
Venezuela The Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Venezuela: The Urgency of External Financing
Ethiopia Ethiopia Socio-Economic Assessment of the Impact of COVID-19 (2.2 MB)
Zimbabwe Immediate Socio-Economic Response to COVID-19 in Zimbabwe (5.8 MB)



Explore more


UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Guyana 
Go to UNDP Global